Anglo-Saxon Settlements
with Dr Richard Hoggett
(Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service)
at Sutton Hoo on Saturday, 27th February, 2016.


This Study Day examines the changing nature of settlements throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, using newly excavated and recently published sites from across the region. The Early Saxon period is well represented by the excavated examples from Carlton Colville and West Stow, where important experimental archaeology still continues. The Middle Saxon period saw dramatic changes in settlement patterns which led to the development of the East Anglian landscape as we recognise it today. Such changes are exemplified by the recently published excavations at Brandon and Sedgeford, both of which help to demonstrate the complexity of the Anglo-Saxon landscape on the eve of the Norman Conquest.

Provisional Programme

09.50 – 10.15:                Coffee on arrival

10.15 – 11.15:                ‘Home is Where the Hearth Is’ – Early Saxon Settlements. This introductory session considers the landscape of Anglo-Saxon East Anglia, before focussing on what we can glean of the nature of settlements during the Early Saxon period (5th–7th centuries) drawing upon the increasing body of excavated evidence.

11.15 – 11.40:                Coffee break

11.40 – 12.45:                Case Studies – West Stow and Carlton Colville. The second session looks in more detail at two East Anglian major sites which have defined our understanding of Early Saxon settlements and the buildings contained within them for more than fifty years. This session includes a look at the construction of a new Anglo-Saxon house at West Stow undertaken in 2015.

12.45 – 14.00:                Lunch break

14.00 – 14.50:                 ‘The Age of Wood’ – Later Saxon Settlements. The Middle Saxon (7th 9th centuries) and Late Saxon (9th 11th centuries) periods saw massive changes to the Anglo-Saxon landscape, including the relocation and nucleation of settlements, the creation of large estates, and the establishment of urban centres. This session examines the impact which these changes had on Anglo-Saxon settlements from the seventh century onwards.

14.50 – 15.10:               Tea break

15.10 – 16.00:                Case Studies – Brandon and Sedgeford. The final session of the day looks in detail at two complementary but very different archaeological sites which have been extensively excavated and have both been recently published. The Middle Saxon settlement at Staunch Meadow had strong monastic elements and was abandoned in the tenth century, while a similar settlement at Sedgeford continued to thrive and evolved into one of the most studied villages in England.

c.16.00:                            Thanks and Close

About Dr Richard Hoggett

Dr Richard Hoggett is Senior Archaeological Officer with the Suffolk County Council Archaeological Service, in which capacity he is responsible for the management of the Suffolk Historic Environment Record. A professional landscape archaeologist, writer and lecturer with over 20 years’ experience of working in academia, local government and the commercial sector, this is his 10th Study Day for Wuffing Education. He is a regular contributor on BBC Radio Suffolk, providing updates on Suffolk’s archaeology.

An expert on the settlement and cemeteries of Anglo-Saxon East Anglia, he is the author of The Archaeology of the East Anglian Conversion (2010), The Book of Happisburgh (2011) and is the current archaeological consultant for the West Stow Anglo-Saxon Village Trust. He has been involved with the Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project since 1997, and recently curated an exhibition about the Carlton Colville Anglo-Saxon settlement at Lowestoft museum.

Further information and downloads can be found on his website

Some Suggestions for Optional Background Reading

Crabtree, P. 1990. West Stow: Early Anglo-Saxon Animal Husbandry. East Anglian Archaeology. Download from:

Hamerow, H. 1993. Excavations at Mucking: The Anglo-Saxon Settlement. English Heritage. Download from:

Hamerow, H. 2002. Early Medieval Settlements. Oxford University Press.

Hamerow, H. 2012. Rural Settlements and Society in Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford University Press.

Lucy, S., Tipper, J. and Dickens, A. 2009. The Anglo-Saxon Settlement and Cemetery at Bloodmoor Hill, Carlton Colville, Suffolk. East Anglian Archaeology 131.

Rippon. S. 2008. Beyond the Medieval Village. Oxford University Press.

Tester, A., Anderson, S., Riddler, I. and Carr, R. 2014. Staunch Meadow, Brandon, Suffolk: A High Status Middle Saxon Settlement on the Fen Edge. East Anglian Archaeology 151.

The SHARP Team. 2014. Digging Sedgeford: A People’s Archaeology. Poppyland Publishing.

Tipper, J. 2004. The Grubenhaus in Anglo-Saxon England. Yedingham: The Landscape Research Centre.

West, S. 1985. West Stow: The Anglo-Saxon Village. Volume 1: The Text. East Anglian Archaeology 24. Download from:

West, S. 1985. West Stow: The Anglo-Saxon Village. Volume 2: The Figures. East Anglian Archaeology 24. Download from: